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Nedanstående lista på utvärderingar är sammanställd av Alasdair Mac Donald (UK ) som är forskningskoordinator på EBTA (European Brief Therapy Association). 


In the European Brief Therapy Association we share questionnaires and research ideas with anyone who is prepared to share their ideas in return. As research coordinator I act as mailbox for questionnaires etc - presently have sets for: therapy follow-up by various means and at various times thereafter; post-session responses by clients to interview; effects of training on therapist practice; feedback about training courses by students.

UK Journal of Family Therapy published a special edition devoted to sft (1997, 19, 117-232).

Contemporary Family Therapy (USA) published an sft special in Spring 1997 (19, 1-144). It includes 10 papers from around the world on many aspects including: discourse and language in sft; sft in health development, prison, family medicine and abusive relationships; sft process evaluation and sft with reflecting teams.

EBTA Brugge 1997: sft in research papers must include client's input and collaboration; future-oriented questions; scaling. Study proposed (using anthropological methods) into the changes in therapists who use sft.

EBTA Salamanca 1998: proposed shared research project: define sft as used in therapy; agreed protocol of measures used; one team do all cases or many therapists do 2-3 'research protocol' cases each with central data processing (? processing paid for from EBTA funds).

EBTA homepage:http://www.ebta.nu
Briefftc: http://www.brief-therapy.org
Sft forum:listserv@maelstrom.stjohns.edu
Sft Webpage:http://rdz.stjohns.edu/~sft/


Beyebach M, Morejon AR, Palenzuela DL, Rodriguez-Arias JL. Research on the process of solution-focused brief therapy. In: Miller SD, Hubble MA, Duncan BL (eds) (1996) Handbook of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy. Jossey-Bass: San Francisco (p 299-334). 39 outpatients at mental health clinic; 80% goal achieved, avg 5 sess, mean 33 min / session; concrete goals and pretreatment change important.

Beyebach M, Rodriguez Sanchez M S, Arribas de Miguel J, Herrero de Vega M, Hernandez C, Rodriguez Morejon, A (1998, in press) Outcome of solution-focused therapy at a university family therapy center. 83 cases; telephone follow-up, most 1 yr +. 82% satisfied; no difference trainee / expert therapist; avg 4.7 sess. (mark.beyebach@upsa.es).

Burr W (1993) Evaluation der Anwendung losungsorientierter Kurztherapie in einer kinder- und jugendpsychiartischen Praxis (Evaluation of the use of brief therapy in a practice for children and youths). Familiendynamik, 18: 11-21. (German: abstract in English). 55 cases; follow-up 6-12 mon. 34 replies - 26 (77%) improved. Avg 4 sess; new problems reported in 4 with improvement and 4 without. (wburr@t-online.de)

Cruz J, Littrell JM (1998) Brief counseling with Hispanic-American college students. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development (in press). 16 students; 2 sess; follow-up 2 wk. 10 achieved 54.7% of goal.

DeJong P, Hopwood LE Outcome research on treatment conducted at the Brief Family Therapy Center 1992-1993. In: Miller SD, Hubble MA, Duncan BL (eds) (1996) Handbook of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy. Jossey-Bass: San Francisco (p 272-298). 275 cases: age 50%<19, 93%<45; avg 2.9 sess, 45% goal achieved, 32% some progress. (Immediate post therapy measure of change in scaling scores for 76% of this group: 25% significant progress; 49% moderate progress; 26% no progress. Berg IK and DeJong P Solution-building Conversations: Co-Constructing a Sense of Competence with Clients. Families in Society, 1996, 376-391)

de Shazer S (1985): Keys to Solutions in Brief Therapy. Norton: New York. (p147-157). 6 mon follow-up of 28 cases who had received formula first session task. 23 (82%) improved; 25 solved other problems. Avg 5 sess.

de Shazer S (1991). Putting Differences To Work. Norton: New York. (161-162). 29 cases: 23 (80%) reported that they had either resolved their original difficulty, or made significant progress towards resolving it. At 18 mon success rate was 86%; 67% reported other improvements also. Avg 4.6 sess: 4 sess or more did better. (Briefftc@aol.com)

Eakes G, Walsh S, Markowski M, Cain H, Swanson M (1997) Family-centred brief solution-focused therapy with chronic schizophrenia: a pilot study. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 145-158. Experimental and control groups: 5 clients and families each. Reflecting team present; no miracle question. Experimental group: Family Environment Scale showed significant increase in expressiveness, active-recreational orientation and decrease in incongruence. Controls: moral-religious emphasis increased.

Franklin C, Biever J, Moore KC, Clemons D, Scamardo, M (1998) (submitted) The effectiveness of solution-focused therapy with children in a school setting. 19 cases: 7 investigated. 1 mon baseline (objective measures); avg 7 sess. Some improvement in all; 4 of 5 better at 1 mon followup.

Franklin C, Corcoran J, Nowicki J, Streeter CL (1997). Using client self-anchored scales to measure outcomes in solution-focused therapy. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 16, 246-273. Pilot study (3 cases) of this measure as a test of outcome. (cfranklin@mail.utexas.edu)

George E, Iveson, C, Ratner H (1990) Problem to Solution. Brief Therapy Press: London. 41 of 62 traced were satisfied. (brief3@aol.com)

Isebaert L, de Shazer S (submitted) Alcohol programme, max 3/52 inpatient then outpatient care. Telephone review including relatives: A 250 cases at 5 yr; B 150 cases at 4 yr. A 49.1% (B 50%) abstinent; 25% (23.5) controlled drinking: of whom 58.6% (57) no problems. 88.8% (75) felt good; 79.2% (70.8) had no more treatment; 75% no relapses (uncommon in alcohol followups). (luc.isebaert@skynet.be).

Johnson LD, Shaha S (1996) Improving quality in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 33, 225-236. 38 cases, OQ-45 checklist (symptoms, relationships, social role). Improvement after avg. 4.77 sess.

Lambert MJ, Okiishi JC, Finch AE, Johnson LD (1998) Outcome assessment: From conceptualization to implementation. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 29, 63-70. 27 cases from Johnson & Shaha (1996) compared with 198 at university public mental health center. Both methods achieved 47% recovered by objective criteria (OQ-45) ('Improved' cases not reported); sft by 3rd, center by 25th sess. (ljohnson@INCONNECT.COM)

Lee MY (1997) A study of solution-focused brief family therapy: outcomes and issues.

American Journal of Family Therapy, 25, 3-17. 59 families; 6 mon telephone follow-up, independent raters. 64.9% improved (goal achieved 54.4%; part goal 10.5%) avg 5.5 sess. (Report soon on sft in depression using standard outcome measures) (lee.355@postbox.acs.ohio-state.edu)

Lee MY, Greene GJ, Uken A, Sebold J, Rheinsheld J (1997) Solution-focused brief group treatment: a viable modality for domestic violence offenders? Journal of Collaborative Therapies, IV, 10-17. Sciotto study: 117 clients, 1993-1997; standard 6 sess completed by 88. 7% (6) reoffend. Plumas study: 1994-1996: 34 clients completed 7 of 8 standard sess. 3% (1) reoffend. (Not yet published: 17% reoffend at 6 yr followup) (pcmhs@psln.com

Lindforss L, Magnusson D (1997) Solution-focused therapy in prison. Contemporary Family Therapy, 19, 89-104. Randomised: 30 experimental and 29 controls; 16 mon follow-up. 18 (60%) reoffend in exp., 25 (86%) in control; more drug offences and more total offences in controls. Pilot study 14/21 (66%) exp. and 10/12 (90%) controls reoffended at 20 mon. Avg 5 sess; 2.7 million Swedish crowns saved by reduced reoffending. (lotta.lindforss@mbox200.se; dan.magnusson@brottsforebygganderadet.se)

Littrell JM, Malia JA, Vanderwood M (1995) Single-session brief counseling in a high school. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 451-458. 61 students; 19 problem focus and task, 20 problem focus only, 22 solution focus and task. 69% better at 6 wk follow-up in all groups but shorter sessions in sft. (jlittrel@iastate.edu)

Macdonald AJ (1994) Brief therapy in adult psychiatry. Journal of Family Therapy, 16, 415-426. 41 cases; 1 yr follow-up. 29 (70%) improved - longstanding problems did less well. Equal outcome for all social classes; avg 3.71 sess.

Macdonald AJ (1997) Brief therapy in adult psychiatry: further outcomes. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 213-222. 36 cases; 1 yr follow-up. 23 (64%) improved; other problems solved in 10 with good outcome and 2 in the other group. Longstanding problems did less well; equal outcome for all social classes; avg 3.35 sess.

Sundmann, P (1997) Solution-focused ideas in social work. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 159-172. 9 social workers in the experimental group received basic training in solution-focused ideas while 9 controls worked as usual. Session tapes and questionnaires were analysed at 6-mon. More positive statements, more goal focus and more shared views were found in the experimental group. (peters@megabaud.fi)

Thompson R, Littrell JM (in press) Brief counseling for students with learning disabilities. The School Counselor. 12 students; 2 sess; follow-up 2 wk. 10 achieved 100% of goal.

Vaughn K, Young BC, Webster DC, Thomas MR A continuum-of-care model for inpatient psychiatric treatment. In: Miller SD, Hubble MA, Duncan BL (eds) (1996) Handbook of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy. Jossey-Bass: San Francisco (p 99-127). 688 cases before sft model avg stay 20.2 days; 675 cases after avg stay 6.6 days.

Wheeler J (1995) Believing in miracles: the implications and possibilities of using solution-focused therapy in a child mental health setting. ACPP Reviews & Newsletter, 17,255-261. 3 mon follow-up of 34 (traced) sft referrals and 39 (traced) routine referrals: 23 (68%) vs 17 (44%) satisfied; other clinic resources used by 4 (12%) vs 12 (31%) . (113721.253@compuserve.com)

Zimmerman TS, Prest LA, Wetzel BE (1997) Solution-focused couples therapy groups: an empirical study. Journal of Family Therapy, 19, 125-144. Six weekly groups; 23 experimental and 13 controls; groups comparable on Marital Status Inventory. Experimental clients improved on Dyadic Adjustment Scale. (lindsay@picasso.colostate.edu)

Dr Mark Beyebach, Salamanca: solution-focused Master's in psychology available. Trainees currently researching sft process: miracle question and its effect on goal definition etc; similar projects on pre-session change, scaling and overall changes are being developed.

Dr Marie-Christine Cabie, Paris ("La Grange C.F.T.B": adeline@club-internet.fr) Recent book with Luc Isebaert: Pour une therapie breve: le libre choix du patient comme ethique en psychotherapie; Editions Medecine & Hygiene, Geneve 1997.

Melissa Darmody, Dublin (darmody@tinet.ie): project in progress with several experienced teams: goals and Coping Resources Inventory (CRI) at start; session comments and CRI at session 4 or last; CRI at 3/12 later.

Wolfgang Eberling, Manfred Vogt-Hillman, Bremen (NIK-Bremen@t-online.de): Editors of recent book: Kurzgefasst: Zum Stand der losungorientierten Praxis von Europa; borgmann publishing, Dortmund 1998.

Dr George S Greenberg, New Orleans (btcftinola@webtv.net): group work in various settings using sft. Many publications.

Cynthia Osborn, Ohio (osborn@ouvaxa.cats.ohiou.edu): looking at attitudes of alcohol counsellors to sft concepts.

Eero Riikonen, Helsinki (eeror@stakes.fi): Doctoral dissertation comparing sft interviewing with psychiatric (problem-focused) interviewing. Problem models and interviewing practices in professional helping: From problem language to competence language. In: Research Reports 32/1992, Rehabilitation Foundation, Helsinki.

Heike Schlemmel, Bamberg (heike.schlemmel@ppp.uni-bamberg.de): study based on review session with clients after 6 mon. Also using sft questions in study of qualitative changes in gender and self-perception in relation to disability.

Ronald Warner, Toronto (rwarner@acs.ryerson.ca): evaluation of sft teaching and workshops.

Alasdair Macdonald (ajmacdonald@compuserve.com)

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